The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the First Millennium of the Undivided Early Church

An Overview of the Family Theology that Revolutionizes Bible Reading and its Implications Towards the Eventual Re-Establishment of the Undivided Early Church’s Unity in Diversity

by Peter William John Baptiste, SFO 

Internet Edition 2.0

 Introduction 

The following web pages were originally designed as a collection of concise print “handouts” or “overhead projector transparencies” as notes for use in teaching Family Theology and its Ecumenical implications.  Family Theology is built on classic Trinitarian theology, Scott Hahn’s Biblical Covenant Theology, and on the 21st Ecumenical Council (Vatican II)’s amazing ecclesiology (doctrine of the Church) based on the Bible and the Undivided Early Church’s lived history.  Also included in this collection, at the end, are an Ecumenical Conclusion and a Proposal for Reunification, which draw out the Ecumenical implications more fully. 

These “handouts” (and the conclusions) are incorporated into the main body of my books The Bible’s ‘Big Picture’  :  Using ‘Family Theology’ to Understand the Single Overarching Story Told Throughout the Scriptures, Which Makes the Bible Our Family History as Christians and/or So That The World May Believe: A Call to Christian Unity Volume I: Rediscovering the Early Church’s Unity in Diversity, to supplement those books’ much more thorough treatment of the subjects in a way that shows many connections in a comparatively brief space. However, since it is so useful to show a great deal of connections in a brief space, I have published this collection on its own, as a useful resource for understanding Family Theology and its Ecumenical implications. I trust that readers who have questions of any of this material will check out the books this material was designed to supplement, to look for the answers to their more detailed questions.  Internet Editions of the longer books are available for free on this website by clicking the above links or browsing the Catalog.

Contents of this Collection

  1. The ‘Common Creed’ of Christianity: : The Vast Common Faith of Catholic, Orthodox, and Conservative/ Evangelical Protestant Christianity (and “Messianic Judaism”) Which is the Basis for Restored Christian Unity in Diversity
  2. God: The Trinitarian Family of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
  3. The 7 Covenants of the One Ongoing Covenant Family of God
  4. Covenants make Families
  5. The Single Overarching Story Told in the Bible: The Gift, Loss and Eventual Restoration of the Indwelling Holy Spirit of Supernatural Adoption Through the Means of a Series of Lesser Legal, Covenant Adoptions Through Which God the Father of Love Raised His One Ongoing Covenant Family to Gradually Higher and Higher Stages of Maturity in Love
  6. The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the First Millennium of the Undivided Early Church (The Formation of the Different but United Culturally-based Rites of the Universal (Greek Katholikos, or Catholic) Church, the Different ‘Sister Churches’ in the Universal (Catholic) Communion of Sister Churches Known Collectively in the First Millennium as the Catholic Church)  — Part 1: The Old Testament History Leading up to the New Covenant Christian Church
  7. The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the First Millennium of the Undivided Early Church (The Formation of the Different but United Culturally-based Rites of the Universal (Greek Katholikos, or Catholic) Church, the Different ‘Sister Churches’ in the Universal (Catholic) Communion of Sister Churches Known Collectively in the First Millennium as the Catholic Church)  — Part 2: The New Testament Spread of the Gospel From Christian (‘Messianic’) Jews to the Gentiles
  8.  The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the First Millennium of the Undivided Early Church (The Formation of the Different but United Culturally-based Rites of the Universal (Greek Katholikos, or Catholic) Church, the Different ‘Sister Churches’ in the Universal (Catholic) Communion of Sister Churches Known Collectively in the First Millennium as the Catholic Church) — Part 3: The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the Formation of the Original Pentarchy of Five Patriarchates (Church Provinces) of Different Culturally-Based Sister Churches or Rites Which Together Clearly Articulated and Established the Traditional Essential Fundamentals of Christian Orthodoxy (Against Many Early Christian Heretical Interpretations of the Bible) at the First Millennium Ecumenical (Worldwide) Councils of the Undivided Early Catholic (Universal) Christian Church
  9.   The “Daughter Churches” of the Original “Pentarchy” of Christian Sister Churches and Patriarchates, Including Those “Estranged Daughters” Which Broke Away from the Universal (Catholic) Christian Communion in the 2nd Millennium but Which Remained “Catholic at Heart,” Still Committed to  the Traditional Essential Fundamentals of Christian Orthodoxy Which Were Clearly Articulated and Established (Against Many Early Christian Heretical Interpretations of the Bible) by the Original Pentarchy of Five Patriarchates (Church Provinces) of Different Culturally-based Sister Churches or Rites at the First Millennium Ecumenical (Worldwide) Councils of the Undivided Early Catholic (Universal) Christian Church, the Catholic Communion of Orthodox Christian Sister Churches – Title and Link Page
  10. The “Daughter Churches” of the Original ‘Pentarchy’ of Christian Sister Churches and Patriarchates, Including Those “Estranged Daughters” Which Broke Away from the Universal (Catholic) Christian Communion in the 2nd Millennium but Which Remained “Catholic at Heart,” Still Committed to  the Traditional Essential Fundamentals of Christian Orthodoxy Which Were Clearly Articulated and Established (Against Many Early Christian Heretical Interpretations of the Bible) by the Original Pentarchy of Five Patriarchates (Church Provinces) of Different Culturally-based Sister Churches or Rites at the First Millennium Ecumenical (Worldwide) Councils of the Undivided Early Catholic (Universal) Christian Church, the Catholic Communion of Orthodox Christian Sister Churches — Part I:  The Structure of the Undivided Early Church
  11. The “Daughter Churches” of the Original ‘Pentarchy’ of Christian Sister Churches and Patriarchates, Including Those “Estranged Daughters” Which Broke Away from the Universal (Catholic) Christian Communion in the 2nd Millennium but Which Remained “Catholic at Heart,” Still Committed to  the Traditional Essential Fundamentals of Christian Orthodoxy Which Were Clearly Articulated and Established (Against Many Early Christian Heretical Interpretations of the Bible) by the Original Pentarchy of Five Patriarchates (Church Provinces) of Different Culturally-based Sister Churches or Rites at the First Millennium Ecumenical (Worldwide) Councils of the Undivided Early Catholic (Universal) Christian Church, the Catholic Communion of Orthodox Christian Sister Churches Part II:  the Patriarchates of the Undivided Early Church’s “Pentarchy” Together with Their “Daughter Rites,” Those Currently in or out of the Ancient Catholic (Universal) Christian Communion (This Leads to What a Christian Church Reunified According to the Undivided Early Church Model of Unity in Diversity Would Look Like)
  12.  The Faithful Line of the People of God (The Ongoing “Olive Tree” Family Tree of the People of God)
  13. Some Undivided Early Church First Millennium Highlights of the Pentarchy of the First Five Christian Patriarchates and their Contributions to the One Universal Church of Christ
  14. Some Undivided Early Church First Millennium Highlights of the Pentarchy of the First Five Christian Patriarchates and their Contributions to the One Universal Church of Christ: THE PATRIARCHATE OF JERUSALEM
  15. Some Undivided Early Church First Millennium Highlights of the Pentarchy of the First Five Christian Patriarchates and their Contributions to the One Universal Church of Christ: THE PATRIARCHATE OF ANTIOCH
  16. Some Undivided Early Church First Millennium Highlights of the Pentarchy of the First Five Christian Patriarchates and their Contributions to the One Universal Church of Christ: THE PATRIARCHATE OF ALEXANDRIA
  17. Some Undivided Early Church First Millennium Highlights of the Pentarchy of the First Five Christian Patriarchates and their Contributions to the One Universal Church of Christ: THE PATRIARCHATE OF BYZANTIUM/CONSTANTINOPLE
  18.  Some Undivided Early Church First Millennium Highlights of the Pentarchy of the First Five Christian Patriarchates and their Contributions to the One Universal Church of Christ: THE PATRIARCHATE OF ROME
  19.  Ecumenical Conclusion with A Few Suggestions Towards the Practical Re-Establishment of the First Millennium Church’s Unity in Diversity
  20. A Proposal for the Reunification of Today’s Divided Christians According to the Model of the Undivided Early (Catholic) Church’s Catholic (Universal) Communion of Orthodox Christian Sister Churches, for the Great Benefit of Both Today’s Catholic and Non-Catholic Churches and Towards the Belief of the World Which Jesus’ Prayer Linked to Our Christian Unity
  21. The Catholic Church’s Official Understanding of the Nature and Structure of the Church as the Mystery of the Body of Christ (see Ephesians 5:22-32) organized in the World as a Catholic (Universal) Communion of Orthodox Eastern and Western Christian Rites or Particular (Sister) Churches Pastorally Guided by the (Universal) Pope and the (Particular) Patriarchs, in the Words of Vatican II (the 21st Ecumenical Council)
  22. The Catholic Church’s 21st Ecumenical Council (Vatican Council II) Which Recently and for the First Time in an Ecumenical Council of the Church Clearly Defined the Nature and Structure of the Ancient Undivided Early Church (Which Has Tremendous Implications for the Eventual Re-establishment of the Undivided Early Church’s Unity in Diversity), Officially Recognizes the Holy Spirit as the Source of the Church’s Unity and “Places its Hope [For Reunification] Entirely in the Prayer of Christ for the Church, in the Love of the Father for Us, and in the Power of the Holy Spirit 

Go To the Next Section The ‘Common Creed’ of Christianity: : The Vast Common Faith of Catholic, Orthodox, and Conservative/ Evangelical Protestant Christianity (and “Messianic Judaism”) Which is the Basis for Restored Christian Unity in Diversity 

Go To the Beginning of this Booklet The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the First Millennium of the Undivided Early Church: An Overview of the Family Theology that Revolutionizes Bible Reading and its Implications Towards the Eventual Re-Establishment of the Undivided Early Church’s Unity in Diversity

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