12- The Faithful Line of the People of God

Go To the Beginning of this Booklet The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the First Millennium of the Undivided Early Church: An Overview of the Family Theology that Revolutionizes Bible Reading and its Implications Towards the Eventual Re-Establishment of the Undivided Early Church’s Unity in Diversity  

To review the previous material covering the One Ongoing Covenant Family from Adam to the Modern Separated Churches:          

The Faithful Line of the People of God

(The Ongoing “Olive Tree” Family Tree of the People of God)

The faithful descendants of Adam (through his son Seth) are: 

  • The Sethites 

descended from them (through Noah the last faithful Sethite before the Flood and his son Shem) are:

  • The Semites 

descended from them (through the Semite Eber) are:

  •  The Hebrews 

descended from them (through the specially chosen Hebrew Abraham and his grandson Jacob/Israel) are: 

  • The Israelites 

descended from them (from the Israelite Tribe and Southern Kingdom of Judah) are: 

  • The Jews 

descended from them (those of them who accepted Messiah Jesus when He came) are:

The  Christian (or ‘Messianic’) Jews 

Through their ministry, empowered by the Holy Spirit of adoption restored to them by Jesus Christ the New Adam, huge numbers of the unfaithful, fallen-away “Gentile” lines of the Covenant Family descended from Adam and Noah are brought back into the faithful line of the one ongoing “Olive Tree” of the faithful People of God through the New Covenant of Jesus Christ, which forms: 

The Universal (Catholic) Christian Church of Jew and Gentile

Christ has “created in Himself one new man out of the two (Jew and Gentile)…in this one body He has reconciled both of them to God through the cross” (cf Ephesians 2:15-16).  In the “New Israel” of the Catholic, Christian Church, Jew and Gentile are once again one universal (catholic) family (as before Abraham was called from among the descendants of Noah), except for those Jews and Gentiles who refused to join the New Covenant Family.  They represent our continued mission as the “New Israel” of the Universal (Catholic) Church of Jesus Christ. 

The various nations (civilizations, cultures) of Gentiles came back into the faithful Covenant Family through the Christian Church as 4 major different Sister Churches or Rites which together (along with the initially entirely Jewish Jerusalem Church) made up the one Universal (Catholic) Church, which is the Catholic (Universal) Communion of Sister Churches, Jew and Gentile.  Though sadly the original Jerusalem Rite Jewish Sister Church eventually got absorbed into the mass ranks of Gentile converts to Christianity and only recently has there been talk of reestablishing the original “Jewish Rite” of the Catholic Church (for modern Jews who wish to embrace their Messiah), these 4 first Gentile “Mother Rites” had “daughter rites,” which were more Gentile nations brought into the New Covenant Church through the ministry of the original four major “Gentile” Rites or Sister Churches of the one Universal (Catholic) Christian Church:

The Antiochene Catholic Church

Daughter Rites include: The Maronite Rite (in Lebanon); the Armenian Rite; the Syrian Rites; the Chaldean Rite; the Malabarese and Malankarese Rites (in India, started by St. Thomas the Apostle)

The Alexandrian Catholic Church

Daughter Rites include: The Coptic Rite (in Egypt); the Ethiopian Rite (started by St. Phillip the Apostle)

[Saint Athanasius, the Catholic Patriarch of Alexandria, was the first to put together the New Testament in the form we know it in 367 AD, confirmed for the whole Christian Church by Pope Innocent I in 405 AD]

The Roman Catholic Church

Daughter Rites include: The tiny Ambrosian, Bragan, and Mozaribic Rites; the Celtic and Gallican Rites (absorbed into the mainstream Roman Rite); the Zairean Rite (in Africa);  extinct Rites; the Anglican Rite (lost to Catholic Communion in the schism of Henry VIII)*; Religious Order Rites

The Byzantine (Greek) Catholic Church

Daughter Rites include: The Ukrainian, Ruthenian, Melkite & Arabian Rites; the Greek & Italo-Greek Rites; the Romanian, Russian, Belarusan, Georgian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Albanian, Serbian, Croatian, Hungarian & Slovak Rites**

The Bishop of Rome is not only the Patriarch (Head Overseer/Bishop) of the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church, but also the universal overseer/bishop or Pope, Head Pastor of the entire Universal (Catholic) Christian Church since he is the Successor of Peter, the Chief Apostle, who died in Rome (see So That The World May Believe Volume III, Chapter 4:  The Papacy’s Solid Foundation in the Bible; and Chapter 5:  The Papacy’s Solid Foundation in Undivided Early Church History Since Apostolic Times 

 * The other Protestant Churches are new breakaway Roman “daughter Rites” no longer in full communion with their “Mother Rite” nor with the ancient Catholic Communion of Sister Churches East and West to which their Roman “Mother Rite” belongs.  Conservative, orthodox  Protestants are still “Catholic at Heart,” having kept all the fundamentals of the ancient Catholic Christian Church they left, while Liberal Protestants who no longer conserve but doubt or deny the Catholic fundamentals are unorthodox “heretics.” 

** Portions of the Byzantine, Antiochene and Alexandrian Catholic Churches were separated from the Catholic Communion of East and West largely due to Muslim conquest and interference and these are known as the Eastern Orthodox Churches.  These are indeed orthodox, therefore still “Catholic at heart,” while the “Lesser Eastern Churches” which rejected the ancient Ecumenical Councils of the Catholic Church in which the proper fundamental interpretation of the Bible was established are unorthodox “heretics.”

© 2007 Peter William John Baptiste, SFO

Go To the Next Section Some Undivided Early Church First Millennium Highlights of the Pentarchy of the First Five Christian Patriarchates and their Contributions to the One Universal Church of Christ

Go To the Beginning of this Booklet The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the First Millennium of the Undivided Early Church: An Overview of the Family Theology that Revolutionizes Bible Reading and its Implications Towards the Eventual Re-Establishment of the Undivided Early Church’s Unity in Diversity