8- Pt.3: The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the Formation of the Original Pentarchy of Five Patriarchates (Church Provinces)

Go To the Beginning of this Booklet The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the First Millennium of the Undivided Early Church: An Overview of the Family Theology that Revolutionizes Bible Reading and its Implications Towards the Eventual Re-Establishment of the Undivided Early Church’s Unity in Diversity

The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the First Millennium of the Undivided Early Church

(The Formation of the Different but United Culturally-based Rites of the Universal (Greek Katholikos, or Catholic) Church, the Different ‘Sister Churches’ in the Universal (Catholic) Communion of Sister Churches Known Collectively in the First Millennium as the Catholic Church)

Part 3: The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the Formation of the Original Pentarchy of Five Patriarchates (Church Provinces) of Different Culturally-Based Sister Churches or Rites Which Together Clearly Articulated and Established the Traditional Essential Fundamentals of Christian Orthodoxy (Against Many Early Christian Heretical Interpretations of the Bible) at the First Millennium Ecumenical (Worldwide) Councils of the Undivided Early Catholic (Universal) Christian Church

Jesus’ Jewish Apostles and the original Jewish Rite Christians, based in Jerusalem, took the Gospel of Jesus Christ to all of the surrounding Gentile (non-Jewish) cultures to the North, South, East, and West, and Christianity gradually settled in the major center of the vast Roman Empire in each general direction, where it gradually formed distinct culturally-based Rites (distinct cultural responses to and expressions and celebrations of the Gospel).  These Rites were gradually organized (for accountability to the Gospel and protection against heresy) into distinct cultural ‘Sister Churches’ which looked to the ordained overseer (bishop or eparch) of the nearest major center to settle disputes and set guidelines for Christian worship in each cultural area to ensure no heresies crept into Christian worship liturgies.  Each of the first five cultures renewed in Jesus which became organized Sister Churches each celebrating different cultural Rites eventually were formally recognized as legitimate forms of orthodox Christianity at the Early Ecumenical (worldwide) Councils of the Catholic (Universal) Christian Church by being declared Patriarchates, the overseer of the major center who pastorally guided each one being declared a Patriarch (The Patriarch of Rome being also the Pope, holding the keys Jesus gave to Peter who died in Rome).

The first five Patriarchates were:

JERUSALEM

Center of the Jewish Culture as Renewed in Jesus, the Foundational Jewish Rite of the Catholic (Universal) Christian Church which brought the Gospel to all others.

ANTIOCH

Center of the Syrian Culture as Renewed in Jesus, the first Gentile Rite of the Christian Church, the Antiochene  (or Antiochian) Rite of the Catholic (Universal) Christian Church.

ALEXANDRIA

Center of the Egyptian Culture as Renewed in Jesus, the Alexandrian Rite of the Catholic (Universal) Christian Church.

ROME

Center of the Roman Culture as Renewed in Jesus, the Roman Rite of the Catholic (Universal) Christian Church.

BYZANTIUM/ CONSTANTINOPLE

Center of the Greek Culture as Renewed in Jesus, the Byzantine (Greek) Rite of the Catholic (Universal) Christian Church.

These are the original “Pentarchy” of five Christian Patriarchates which together made up the Early Christian Church, the Catholic (Universal) Communion of Orthodox Christian Sister Churches, and these are the “Mother Rites” of all later culturally-based Christian Rites or Sister Churches or Patriarchates formed when missionaries from one of these five Churches evangelized a new culture (in Ethiopia, England, Ukraine, Armenia, Russia, India etc.).  This fulfilled the prophecy “Jesus would die for the Jewish nation, and not only for that nation but also for the scattered children of God, to bring them together and make them one” (John 11:51-52).  This fulfilled God’s plan since He told Adam and Noah and their descendants to “fill the Earth,” and made sure they did so at Babel.  God thus planned the formation of different cultures which, renewed in Christ, would each have a different cultural perspective on the infinite truth of God revealed in Jesus which would give them different insights into Divine Revelation which they would be able to pool together at the Early Ecumenical (worldwide) Councils of the Christian Church so as to together come up with the most accurate and precise understanding of the Christian fundamentals, against many heretical challenges to the saving Christian faith.

© 2008, 2009 Peter William John Baptiste, SFO

Go To the Next Section The “Daughter Churches” of the Original “Pentarchy” of Christian Sister Churches and Patriarchates, Including Those “Estranged Daughters” Which Broke Away from the Universal (Catholic) Christian Communion in the 2nd Millennium but Which Remained “Catholic at Heart,” Still Committed to  the Traditional Essential Fundamentals of Christian Orthodoxy Which Were Clearly Articulated and Established (Against Many Early Christian Heretical Interpretations of the Bible) by the Original Pentarchy of Five Patriarchates (Church Provinces) of Different Culturally-based Sister Churches or Rites at the First Millennium Ecumenical (Worldwide) Councils of the Undivided Early Catholic (Universal) Christian Church, the Catholic Communion of Orthodox Christian Sister Churches

Go To the Beginning of this Booklet The Spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the First Millennium of the Undivided Early Church: An Overview of the Family Theology that Revolutionizes Bible Reading and its Implications Towards the Eventual Re-Establishment of the Undivided Early Church’s Unity in Diversity